Testicle Check-Up: How to Do a Self-Exam

Balls. Nuts. Sack. While there are plenty of nicknames for our hormone-and sperm-producing sex organs, how many guys actually know anything about testicle health? For instance, did you know that testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men younger than age 35? Or that about half of all cases of testicular cancer are in men between the ages of 20 and 34? That ought to make your jockstrap flinch.

The good news is that testicular cancer, while rare, is completely treatable if caught early. That’s where regular testicular self-exams come in. Because most testicular cancer growths are painless, self-exams are critical to catch potential problems early on.

Step 1: Know thy nuts

One size fits all does not apply to testicles, which can range from grape sized to small egg sized, and one is usually slightly larger than the other. At the back of each testicle is a coiled tube called the epididymis, which stores sperm. The rest of the plumbing is called the Vas deferens, which connects sperm to the rest of the unit.

Step 2: Pre-game warm up

If you’ve just taken a plunge in a cold lake, it’s not the ideal time to do a testicular exam. Instead, aim for after a shower or bath, when your scrotum is relaxed.

Step 3: Hands on the ball(s)

Stand in front of a mirror and check for swelling on the scrotal skin. Feel the testicles and check them for lumps, swelling, shrinking, and other signs of a problem. Roll each testicle gently between your thumb and index/middle fingers from top to bottom, feeling for unusual lumps or texture. It’s not going to feel completely smooth, so don’t panic. But if you feel a pea-sized lump, get it double-checked by a doctor.

By giving your gonads a monthly once-over, you can ensure there’s no lumps, bumps, or swelling to worry about.

References:
https://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicular-cancer/do-i-have-testicular-cancer.html
https://www.healthlinkbc.ca/medical-tests/hw234856

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